History of surah Luqman




Revelation Place



Surah Luqman was so named because it contains the story of Luqman al-Hakim, which contains the virtue of wisdom, the secret of knowing God Almighty and His attributes, the condemnation of polytheism, the commandment of good morals, and the prohibition of evil. And the evils and what they contain as well as the precious commandments that God spoke to him.

Period of Revelation
It was revealed in Makkah after the night journey “AL- Essraa” and before the Hijrah.
Surat Luqman is the fifty-seventh surah. It was revealed after Surat Al-Safat and before Surat Saba. It is the thirty-first surah in the order of the Ottoman Quran and the number of its verses is thirty-four. Al-Bayhaqi transmitted in "Dala'il al-Nubuwah" on the authority of Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with them both, that he said, "Sura Luqman was revealed in Mecca. It is all Meccan, as Ibn Abbas says in the most famous of his sayings, and it is the publication of the majority of commentators.

Abu Hayyan mentioned in his "interpretation" the reason for the revelation of this surah, and he said, "The Quraysh asked the Messenger of God, God's prayer and peace be upon him, about the story of Luqman with his son, that is: they asked him a question of persistence and a test." This is what Abu Hayyan mentioned and what is supported by the export of the Surah by the saying of the Almighty: { But there are, among men, those who purchase idle tales, without knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty.}

Theme and topics
Surah Luqman contains a number of topics, including the following:

The proof of the wisdom of the Holy Quran, . The story of Luqman, peace be upon him, which is named after the Surah, is a clear proof of this.

The surah was issued with the reference to the guidance of the Qur'an. In order for people to know that it contains only what is in it in terms of guidance and guidance for good, so that it does not pay attention to the news about the tyrants and the people of misguidance, except in the position of warning about what they do and the consequences, so this surah was published as a prelude to the story of Luqman.

The one who takes God's verses as a joke and follows everything that was a distraction from the religion and obedience of God.

Explanation of God's power in creation and creativity, creation and provision.

Mention of remembering Luqman, that God gave him wisdom and commanded him to be grateful for the blessings. Mentioning his commandments and what they include: warning against polytheism, commanding righteousness to parents, and observing God. Because he knows the hidden things, establishes the prayer, enjoins the good and forbids the evil, the patience, the warning against haughtiness and arrogance, and the arrangement of the qualities of the humble in walking and talking.